Sambo Prey Kuk – Khmer Temple of the VII century

I visited Sambor Prey Kuk in early September 2008, Khmer temples of the 7th century, where you can see the legacies of Indian civilization. The temples are almost similar to the Indian temples.

The temple looks like Indian temple.

 

The temple ovetaken by the tree.

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I met my friend after 20 years

I met my friend, Mr. Virya DALALOY, from Laos, who studied with me at the Faculty of International Economic Relations at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO). We parted with each other in June 1988, when we were graduated with a Masters degree. Now today on 18 September 2008, more than 20 years after, I met him in Hanoi, attending an ADB sponsored-conference on the China and India the Race between the Dragon and Elephant.

20 years after.

On the day of our graduation in June 1998, a photo with Mr. Virya DALALOY.

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Les provinces du Cambdge – Kampong Cham

Kampong Cham is the largest and the richest province of Cambodia. Its population was 1,746,612 inhabitants, of which 95% are rural. There are significant number of ethnic Cham living in the province.

The poverty rete in the province was 37.2% in 2007. Primary enrolment rates are87.3% and primary completion rates 35.2%.

Agriculture accounts for 70.9% of economic activity, livestock 5.9%, forestry 0.4% and fisheries 1.5%. Rice is harvested on 195,068 ha wiht an average yield of 2.5 tons per ha; maize on 5,748 ha wiht an average yield of 1.4 tons; sesame on 16,224 ha with an average yield of 0.6 tons; mung beans on 8,652 ha with an average yield of 1.1 ton; soyabeans on 28,837 ha with an average yield of 1 ton; peanuts on 4,484 ha with an average yield of 1.1 tons; and cassava on 13,093 tons with an average yield of 18.3 tons. Cashew is the major fruit crop.

The service sector accounts for 6.1% and industry 15.2% of economic activity.

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Les provinces du Cambodge – Kampong Thom

Kompong Thom has the population of 776,978, of which 86% are classified as rural. The poverty rate in the province in 2007 was 52.4%. Primary net enrolment rates are 92.3% and primary completion rates 30.4%. Female illiteracy rates are 34.7%.

Agriculture accounts for 69% of economic activity, livestock for 4%, forestry 0.1%, and fisheries 2.5%. Rice is harvested on 122,074 ha with an average yield of 1.4 tons per ha; maize on 857 ha wiht an average yield of 2.4 tons; sesame on 1,108 ha wiht a average yield of 1.2 tons; mung beans on 1,419 ha with an average yield of 1.1 tons; soyabeans on 2,636 ha with an average yield of 1.6 tons; peanuts on 403 ha with an average yield of 1.5 tons; and cassava on 1,135 ha with and average yield of 7.1 tons. Cashew is the major fruit harvested in the province. Small-scale fish catch is 10,000 tons and commercial fish catch 8,800.

The services sector accounts for 3.7%, while industry – 18.6% of the economic activity.

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Les provinces du Cambodge – Siem Reap

Siem Reap is well known for Angkor Wat, which symbolizes Cambodia’s cultural identity. The current population of Siem Reap is 776,978 of which 86% are rural. In 2007, some 51.8% of people live under the poverty line. Primary net enrolment rates are 95.4% and primary completion rates 30.4%.

Agriculture accounts for 73% of economic activities, livestock 3.6%, forestry 0.5% and fisheries 0.6%. The harvested area of rice is 185,544 with an average yield of 1.4 tons per ha; maize on 1,629 ha with an average yield of 1.9 tons; sesame on 526 ha with an average yield of 0.4 tons; mung bean on 5,440 ha with an average yield of 0.5 tons; peanuts on 17 ha with an average yield of 1 ton; and cassava on 314 ha with an average yield of 5.5 tons. Fruits harvested include coconuts, banana, mango, cashew, jackfruit and oranges. Small-scale fish catch amounts to 11,000 tons and commercial fish catch to 9,800 tons.

The services sector account for 6.8% of economic activities and the secondary sector 15.4%. The tourism sector is growin very fast and generates income opportunities for local Cambodians. Siem Reap is connected to neighboring countries by direct flights to Korea, Japan, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, and Taiwan.

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Les provinces du Cambodge – Banteay Meanchey

Until 1988 Banteay Meanchey was part of Battambang. The provincial capital is Svay Sisophon. It’spopulation in 2007 was 586,571, of which 72% is classified as rural. In 2007, some 37.2% of the population live under the poverty line.

Agricultural cropping accounts for 67.8% of economic activities, livestock 5.4%, forestry 0.2% and fisheries 0.3%. The harvested area of rice is 184,562 hectares with an average yield of 1.6 tons per hectares; maize on 7,745 hectares with an average yield of 2 tons; sesame on 118 hectares with an average yield of 0.48 tons; mung beans on 7,097 hectares wit an average yield of 0.50 tons; soyabean on 2,700 hectares with an average of 0.5 ton; peanuts on 96 hectares with an average yield of 0.5 tons; and cassava on 333 hectares with an average yield of 14.3 tons. Fruits harvested include coconut, banana, mango, orange, jackfruit, and cashew. Small-scale fish catch amounts to 2,000 tons and commercial fish catch to 1,200 tons.

The service sector accounts for 8.7% of economic activity and the secondary sector – 17.6%. Much of this is related to Banteay Meanchey’s strategic location on the GMS Southern corridor and the border check point of Poipet, which plays an important role in trade with Thailand.

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Roman khmer – Rose de Païlin par Gnok Thaém

Rose de Païlin est le roman le plus célèbre de Gnok Thaém et un des classiques de la litérature cambodgienne moderne. Il fut publié en 1943. Gnok Thaém fut un des fondateurs de l’Associaion des Écrivains khmers, il reçut de nombreuse distinctions au Cambodge, au Laos et au Vietnam dont le Dragon d’Annam. Il mourrut en 1975, après les Khmers rouges arrivèrent au pouvoir, laissant une vingtaine d’ouvrages concernant le Bouddhisme, le pâli et la litérature. Inscrit au programme de l’enseignement secondaire au Cambodge en 1958, “La Rose de Païlin” a été étudié jusqu’à 1975 par les jeunes Cambodgiens.

Chét est le caractère principal du roman. Il fut né à Svay Po, au centre de Battambang. Après la mort de son père, Cheum, il est recommandé par le docteur Sâat pour travailler pour le Luong Ratana Sambat, un ancien ministre qui est devenu un négociant en pierres précieuses bien connu à Païlin. Le docteur Sâat est son neveu.

Chét devint mineur de gemmes dans l’entreprise du Luong Ratana Sambat. Il s’efforcait d’accomplir sa tâche de tout son coeur, sans ménager sa peine. Il avait découvert l’air pur de Païlin et une nature où se mêlaiet forêts, jungles et montagnes désolées.

Le Luong Ratana Sambat avait une jeune fille, Neary. Elle avait des yeux adorables, emplis de nectar, mais se montrait un peu hautaine. Son attitude était empreinte de préciosité, de souplesse et de grâce. Elle avait un beau teint clair et son visage était rond comme un lune. Sa voix possédait la sonorité aigrelette d’un gong d’argent et sa démarche la flexibilité d’un rose qu’agite doucement le vent au milieu d’un jardin. Oh! Comme elle était belle.  

Un matin, après avoir employé six mois chez Luong Ratanak Sambat, Chét sortit pour aller extraire les gemmes. En passant devant la maison principale, il vit que Neary et le Luong Ratana Sambat était assis dans la voiture. Ils devaient aller au district de Sangke, à Battambang. Mais le moteur de voulait pas partir. Chét s’approcha, salua Monsieur Ratana Sambat et examina le moteur. Il fixa le problème, donna un coup de manivelle et la moteur marha. Le grand-père Son, le chauffeur, demanda au Luong Ratana Sambat pourque Chét le remplace, comme sa femme qui était arrivée le matin.

Sur la route de retour, le moteur stoppa. Ils étaient accompagné par le Balat, chef du district de Sangke. Ils devaient passer la nuit près de la route. Chét prenait un pistolet pour protéger.

 

Chét est le caractère principal du roman.

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